Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD is an illness characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.

There are actually three different types of ADHD, each with different symptoms: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive/impulsive, and combined.

Those with the predominantly inattentive type often:

  • fail to pay close attention to details or make careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities
  • have difficulty sustaining attention to tasks or leisure activities
  • do not seem to listen when spoken to directly
  • do not follow through on instructions and fail to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplace
  • have difficulty organizing tasks and activities
  • avoid, dislike, or are reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort
  • lose things necessary for tasks or activities
  • are easily distracted by extraneous stimuli
  • are forgetful in daily activities

Those with the predominantly hyperactive/impulsive type often:

  • fidget with their hands or feet or squirm in their seat
  • leave their seat in situations in which remaining seated is expected
  • move excessively or feel restless during situations in which such behavior is inappropriate
  • have difficulty engaging in leisure activities quietly
  • are "on the go" or act as if "driven by a motor"
  • talk excessively
  • blurt out answers before questions have been completed
  • have difficulty awaiting their turn
  • interrupt or intrude on others

Those with the combined type, the most common type of ADHD, have a combination of the inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive symptoms.



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